Normandy and Brittany are well known by faience earthenware. Henriot Quimper earthenware (Brittany) is making pottery since 1690. The piggy banks are traditionally painted with a male or female farmer in Breton’s costume. But other designs are now possible. They are still for sale. With the hallmark on the belly one can identify the age of the piggy bank. The length of the traditional Henriot pig is 20 cm and the number of the mould is 393. The mould is also used elsewhere, in Normandy for instance. In 2016 I discovered a new type, a new moulded Henriot piggy bank in two sizes (see the pictures).
In Lorraine the cities of Lunéville, Sarreguemines and Saint-Clement are the original centers of the earthenware industry. From 1812 on, and throughout the following century, it was the seat of Lunéville "Keller and Guerin" (Société KG). In 1922, the factories of Lunéville and St. Clement's were bought by Edouard Fenal, who also owned the factory in Badonviller. The Fenal family expanded their ‘empire’ in 1979 , buying Sarreguemines where since 1968 Lunéville pottery is produced with the name "KG Lunéville". In December 2006 the Fenal Group merges with the group "Faïence et Cristal de France consisting of the factories St. Clément, Niderviller, Vallerysthal and Portieux, all factories established in the 18th century with a prestigious past. This new group . "Terres d'Est" preserves the heritage, the ancient tradition, of Lorraine earthenware.
Pondering on French pottery one immediately thinks of Limoges porcelain. But there is much more French pottery and often in comparison to Limoges severely under valuated. Superb pottery is or was made in: Lorraine (Lunéville, Saint Clement, Sarregemines), Northern France near Lille (St Amand, and Hamages Orchies), Alsace, Rhone-Alpes, Bourgogne (St Uze), Quimper, Bordeaux, etc.
Reference book for French TireliresHunting for piggy banks for over 50 years means that I have a large variety in my collection. Collecting more of the same type in different colour variations is not an option and not that exciting. That's why from the past years I focused on antique piggy banks and rediscovered France. I knew few to nothing about the origin of French piggy banks until I discovered the book 'Tirelires – Barbotine, grès et porcelaine' of Maryse Botero in 2007. A book with a lot of information about the often former ‘manufactures’.