CN/ ID/ MX/ LA - Pig Piggy Banks

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CN/ ID/ MX/ LA

Collection 2
CN-ID-MX-LA banner
China (CN)/ Indonesia (ID)/ Mexico (MX)/ Latin America (LA)
China
China has an ancient pottery and porcelain tradition. This also includes piggy banks. In my collection are specimens from the years 1948-1955 and recent ones from 2006. None of them have a hallmark, the oldest has a label indicating the origin.
Indonesia
Trowulan (Java) is surrounded by an archaeological site of the capital city of the Majapahit Empire from the 14th to the 15th century. Excavations have found evidence of dense population during the 14th to 15th centuries. Terracotta figurines, amongst them piggy banks, were produced in large quantities. The Majapahit piggy banks (not for children!) were used to put coins in as offering to the gods. These very thin bronze Chinese coins were found during excavations in large numbers. I have serious doubt about the age of my 5 Majapahit piggy banks: I think they are copies.

Pigs (pig piggy banks) in Indonesia? You have to explain that. The Majapahit was a Hindu-Buddhist empire from c. 1293 to c. 1530, with the centre on East Java, in what is now Indonesia. From the 13th century, Islam very slowly spread across Indonesia. It is believed that with the end of the Majapahit Empire and with the final destruction of the capital in 1527, the production of terracotta was stopped. After all, the sultanates were now ruled by Islamic rulers, and as a result of the Islamic 'image hostility' there was no longer a need for terracotta figures, let alone piggy banks. Much was broken in those days, no wonder that most of the terracotta statues and piggy banks that we can still see are often broken. But much has also been buried in places where rice or tobacco was later grown. And there was found again in the 20th century. What remains of the Majapahit culture has been recognized as heritage and is now on display in and near the Trowulan Museum.
Mexico
These piggy banks are outstanding because of the bracket and light weight. Before the great earthquake in 1985 in the Oxfam shops one could frequently buy Mexican piggy banks. On the origin and utility of the bracket it is guessing. The simplest explanation is that the piggy banks were hung up on the ceiling. Who has the correct answer, may say so (mail me, nobody did it for the last decade......).
Latin America
An overview of what is in my collection coming from Latin America: piggy banks from Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Peru.
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